When you paraphrase and want to use the author s name s in the sentence: While an English professor was largely concerned with the surface features of papers, the sociology professor paid more attention to “what knowledge the student had acquired than in how well the report was written” Berkenkotter and Huckin p. We have a couple of simple conventions you should remember: Guide RGU Harvard Referencing Referencing is a critical element in any academic assignment and during your studies at RGU, you will always be required to reference your sources according to our guidelines. If in doubt, check with your school. The year of publication Horizontal drilling and openhole gravel packing with oil-based fluids: You will notice some variation in how we insert places of publication.

You can insert the citation at the end of the idea which you paraphrase, or direct quote. If the author is also the publisher, you can just put the abbreviation as the publisher In your sentence, when you first refer to the organisation, you should write it out in full. If you mention the organisation again in a following sentence, you can just write the abbreviation. There is a tendency to Because this is a direct quotation, we have to mention which page we took the quotation from. This will appear after the year of publication.

To give credit to the other authors whose work you have quoted, or to whose work you have referred.

Guide – RGU Harvard Referencing – The Basics – Library Guides at Robert Gordon University

Genre knowledge in disciplinary communication. If you mention the organisation again in a following sentence, you can just write the abbreviation.

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Every time you refer indirectly to the work of someone else, e. If in doubt, check with your school.

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Rest of the world City, Country Geneva, Switzerland: This applies for both in text-citation and the reference list entry. Exsay few things to keep in mind: Each one of your citations must match a reference list entry. This is when you copy the exact words from a book, journal article, website, etc.

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The title, in italics [online]. To support your arguments by referring your reader to academic sources which confirm what you are saying. You can hover over each of them and get a bit of explanation. To support your arguments by referring your reader to academic sources which confirm what you are saying To give credit to the other authors whose work you have quoted, or to whose work you have referred To avoid a charge of plagiarism To allow the reader of your work to find the books, journal articles, web pages etc.

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You will notice some variation in how we insert places of publication. You only capitalise the first letter of the author’s surname and there is no comma between the author and the year of publication. This rule doesn’t apply to citations, just the sentence. Plagiarism is theft of intellectual property and you should absolutely avoid it in all your assignments, by referencing all the sources you have used.

The exception is when there are no pages, like webpages or Kindle books, where page numbers vary depending on text size. The place of publication and the publisher. To demonstrate that you understand the conventions of academic writing. Edition, only if it’s over the 1st edition.

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Horowitz Because we are still speaking about the same author and source as in the previous sentence, we don’t have to cite Horowitz again. If the authoring organisation’s name is abbreviated to its initials, You must write the full name, followed by the initials in brackets.

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What professors actually require: There is a tendency to This doesn’t necessarily have to be the end of the sentence, but if it is, the citation always comes before the full stop.

To avoid a charge of plagiarism. Only the year of publication will appear in brackets.

Please note you do not have to bold the citations in your assignments. The full reference list entry will contain more information like the title, edition, type of material, place of publication etc. While Horowitz’s study did not have a particular disciplinary focus, other studies examined written genres required of students in specific disciplines Swales et al.

This will always be in italics and only the first letter should be capitalised. In one of the first studies on student writing tasks, Horowitz If you want to use the author’s name in the sentence, you only have to put the year of publication between brackets.

When you accessed the page.