Qualitative studies may include data in the form of pictures, artifacts, notes, and interviews. Remind students that their research question can provide the keywords for a targeted Internet search. Once they have printed out or photocopied the articles, they will use a highlighter to mark the sections in the articles that specifically address the research question. References and Writing Final Draft. This means no unsupervised, dangerous experiments. Checking Literature Review entries on the same day is best practice, as it gives both you and the student time to plan and address any problems before proceeding.
They may wish to photocopy the title page of books where they find information, and print out the homepage or contact page of websites. Instruct students to fill in the first section of the Research Paper Scaffold, the Research Question, before Session 2. Make students aware that their online search results may include abstracts, which are brief summaries of research articles. Students need to bring their articles to this session. In the Example Research Paper Scaffold, there are four possible explanations given for the effects of color on mood. The example helps students clearly see how a research question leads to a literature review, which in turn leads to analysis, original research, results, and conclusion. Study results can be displayed in any kind of visual medium, such as a poster, PowerPoint presentation, or brochure.
Encourage students to use the Conclusion section to point out discrepancies and similarities readwritethhink their findings, and to propose further studies. In many cases the full text of the articles is available only through subscription to a scholarly database.
Explain the difference between qualitative and quantitative research. The example helps students clearly see how a research question leads to a literature review, which in turn leads to analysis, original research, results, and conclusion. Explain that the next section, the Hook, should not be filled in at this time, as it will be completed using information from the literature search. Results optional Session 7: Quantitative methods involve the collection of numeric data, while qualitative methods focus primarily on the collection of observable data.
Instruct students to complete the Literature Review section of the Research Paper Scaffold, including the last name of the author and the publication date for each article to prepare for using APA citation style.
They scafold wish to photocopy the title page of books where they find information, and print out the homepage or contact page of websites. This section may be one to two paragraphs.
Students may identify only one main idea in each source, or they may find several. Qualitative studies may include data in the form of pictures, artifacts, notes, and interviews.
Scaffolding Methods for Research Paper Writing
Original Research Session 6: Explain to students that the procedures involved in writing a research paper follow in order, and each section of the scaffold builds upon the previous one. Qualitative methods involve more detailed interviews and artifact collection. The survey should have no more than 10 questions.
Explain that students should take care not to formulate a research question so broad that it cannot be answered, or so narrow that it can be answered in a sentence or two.
Normally it takes one day to complete research plans and one to two weeks to conduct the test. Allow students at least a week for research. The test must be safe, both physically and mentally, for rearwritethink involved.
Check that students have correctly identified and marked relevant information before allowing them to proceed to the Literature Review section on the Research Paper Scaffold. For large classes, have students highlight relevant information as described below and submit the articles for assessment before beginning the session.
Allowing a few days for students to refine and reflect upon their research question is best practice. A good literature review should be a way of opening doors to new ideas, not simply a search for the data that supports a preconceived notion. Quantitative studies have large numbers of participants readwitethink produce a large collection of data such as results from people taking a question survey.
Scaffolding Methods for Research Paper Writing – ReadWriteThink
resdwritethink Students may need more research sacffold following this session to find additional information relevant to their research question. Emphasize that good research questions are open-ended. Demonstrate the use of any relevant subscription databases that are available to students through the school, as well as any Web directories or kid-friendly search engines such as KidzSearch that you would like them to use.
Closed questions have only one correct answer, such as, How many continents are there in the world?
Involve students in using the Research Paper Scoring Rubric for final evaluation of the research paper. Demonstrate how to use the template or follow the guidelines provided, and have students create and print out a reference list to attach to their final research paper. Remind students that they can refer to the Example Student Research Paper for a model of how the analysis will be used in the final research paper. Have students identify common themes and possible answers to their own research question by reviewing the topic and concluding sentences in their literature review.
Use the Example Research Paper Scaffold to illustrate how to fill in the first and last lines of the Literature Review entry, which represent topic and concluding sentences.
Open-ended questions can be solved in more than one way and, depending upon interpretation, often readwrritethink more than one correct answer, such as the question, Can virtue be taught?
Schedule time in the school media center or the computer lab so you can supervise and assist students as they search for relevant articles.